World Stroke Day: Raising awarness of the importance of cardiac biomarkers for early detection
Every year, stroke affects millions of people worldwide, leaving many with long-term disabilities and even death. According to the World Stroke Organization, stroke is a leading cause of death and disability affecting 13.7 million people at the first-first stroke (1). However, many people do not realize the severity of the disease or the importance of early detection. On World Stroke Day 2023, we aim to raise awareness of the dangers of stroke and the significance of getting tested regularly with cardiac biomarkers.
A stroke occurs when blood flow to the brain is disrupted, either due to a blood clot or a ruptured blood vessel. This interruption can cause brain damage, leading to a range of symptoms such as weakness or paralysis on one side of the body, difficulty speaking or understanding language, vision problems, and severe headaches.
One way to detect stroke early is through the use of cardiac biomarkers. By measuring these biomarkers, healthcare providers can assess an individual's risk of having a stroke and take preventative measures to reduce the risk of future events.
Currently, there is no direct biomarker which detects the presence or upcoming event of stroke. The incidence of stroke could be checked with other cardiac biomarkers to screen out any other possibilities. The potential cardiac biomarkers such as troponin, B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), and C-reactive protein (CRP) have been shown to be effective in identifying people at risk of stroke, even in individuals with no prior history of cardiovascular disease.
Regular testing for cardiac biomarkers is crucial, especially for those at high risk of stroke. With early detection, individuals can receive timely treatment, such as medications to prevent blood clots or surgical interventions to remove blockages in blood vessels, which can reduce the severity and long-term consequences of stroke. Moreover, lifestyle changes such as a healthy diet, regular exercise, and quitting smoking can help prevent stroke altogether.
In conclusion, World Stroke Day 2023 serves as a reminder of the importance of raising awareness of the dangers of stroke and the significance of early detection through regular testing with cardiac biomarkers. By taking preventative measures, individuals can reduce their risk of stroke and improve their overall health and well-being.